Articles in Press
Volume 4 Issue 1
Renal Dyslipidemia and Cardiovascular Mortality Over Two Decades of Follow-Up
P-O Attman, M Petzold, O Samuelsson*
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is common in patients with chronic kidney disease. With declining renal function the CKD patients develop characteristic alterations of the lipoprotein metabolism with accumulation of intact and partially metabolized triglyceride-rich lipoproproteins. These lipoproteins contain apolipoprotein C-III, which has been suggested to have a pathophysiological role in atherogenesis.
The Significance of Age Development Characteristics of Urethral Plate in Surgical Repair for Hypospadias
Liu Guoqing*, Zhang Shilin, Wang Jianfeng, Li Chunjing, Xie Xumin, Li Jierong, Liu shihui
Hypospadias is the most common external genitalia officer deformity in male children. Over the past three decades, the global incidence of hypospadias was on the rise and may be associated with endocrine disruptions in the environment. Surgery is the only way to treat hypospadias. The main steps include: Orthoplasty or penile straightening, Urethroplasty, Meatoplasty and Glanuloplasty, Scrotoplasty, and Skin Coverage.